Useful to know

Shipping is the most fuel efficient means of moving freight: a large containership which operates in the Baltic Sea can carry 900 standard-sized containers. To carry a similar amount of cargo by road transit takes 450 trucks. The Baltic Sea is on of the most heavily trafficked shipping areas in the world. For examble, according to HELCOM in 2007
- 56 thousand AIS equpped vessels entered or left the Baltic Sea via Skaw, and
- nearly 40 thousand vessels entered or left the Gulf of Finland.

The main problem in the Baltic Sea ecosystem is eutrophication which is mainly regulated by two main nutrients, phosphorus and nitrogen. Depending on circumtances, both, phosphorus and nitrogen, can act as a limiting factor. In many studies nitrogen has been found to be the nutrient regulating primary production in open sea areas and hence, the overall eutrophication. Shipping is an important source of nitrogen through its exhaust emissions.

From the links below you can find useful information regarding on SNOOP and shipping-induced exhaust emissios.

Automatic Identification System AIS)